Austria is situated in the continent of Europe in its east central region. It is a federal republic country and it is surrounded by land all over. The population of the country is nearly 8.5 million. The country shares its borders with Czech Republic and Germany in the north, Slovenia and Italy in the south, Hungary and Slovakia in the east, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein in the west. The country has a moderate and alpine climate. It is mostly covered by mountains due to Alps. German is the official language, and people often speak local Bavarian dialects of German as their indigenous language.
Austria is a federal republic with a democratically chosen parliament. The president is elected by the people for a term of six years. The president then nominates a federal chancellor who is the leader of the most prominent party in the parliament for a period of four years which is the term if the parliament also. The president also appoints the cabinet ministers upon the chancellor’s proposal who head the administrative section of the government. They also devise and address the national policy. All citizens older than 24 years of age are eligible to serve the parliament. And voting rights are allowed from the age of 18. Presidential voting is compulsory.
Austria is a high ranker amongst the tourist countries of Europe. The tourism of Austria doesn’t depend upon the seasons. Winter tourism includes the famous skiing resorts and the spectacular musical events in Vienna. Summer tourism includes the attraction of scenery, sports, and cultural festivals especially in Salzburg and Vienna. There are nearly two thousand communities in Austria, which are considered as tourist centres. Tourist spots in the capital consist of the Vienna State Opera and more fifteen state theatres. They also include the Vienna Boys’ Choir, St. Stephen’s Cathedral, the Schonbrunn and Belvedere palaces and the Spanish Riding Academy having renowned Lipizzaner stallions. In the outskirts of the city, there we could see the Vienna Woods with their beautiful wine taverns. In the winter, Alpine skiing becomes the main tourist attraction. Other than this, motor racing, motorcycle racing, speedway racing are also very well known sports in Austria.
The transportation network the country is thick. The railway consists of 5,565 kilometres of standard gauge track in which some distance are electrified while a total 456 kilometres of electrified narrow gauge track. It also has paved highways with included expressways. Passenger cars are commercial vehicles are largely used. Austria also consists of inland waterways generally navigated by motor powered vessels. There are 55 airports in Austria of which, Schwechat airport is the most important one.
As Austria is a landlocked country, people travel there more by cars, flights and trains rather than ferries. Getting to Austria by car is simple and fast due to its fast, well maintained highways throughout all the surrounding countries. All the main border checkpoints are open day and night, and the roads are excellent. Displaying a Motorway Vignette on the inside of the windshield is compulsory as you enter Austria. Otherwise, heavy on the spot fine will be charged. It can be obtained from borders, Automobile clubs or petrol stations. Ferry is also an option to get into Austria. Some ferries can use a rail pass instead of money. Others can give you a discount. Getting to Austria through flight is the most convenient way though it is a mountainous country. Cheap flights are available for here. As it is centrally located in Europe, flights are easily available from all the countries. It is easy to travel from UK to Austria through train. Travelling in the train is cheap, fast, convenient and a good alternative to flying. Visitors entering Austria only need a valid passport if you are from the European Union Countries or US but for visits more than three months need a visa from Austria.