Poland is the 9th largest and the 6th most populous country in Europe. Poland is made up of 16 union territories. Poland had to suffer vast losses during the Second World War, for it was the centre of the war zone. More than six million polish solders lost their lives. It received the status of a sovereign state after the war in the year 1944. Poland was ruled by the communist party till the year 1989, after that the party was overthrown by the people and republican form of government was established. From then on, Poland has been striving hard for developing their society.
Poland follows a democratic form of government. The country is divided into several states with each state having their own state head. All the state government has to report to the central government. The central head is the President who holds the highest power in the state. The president is elected once every five years by votes of the council of ministers. The people of Poland vote to elect 460 members of the lower house and 100 members of the senate house. The members of both the houses form the National Committee. The judicial branch includes the Supreme Court of the Republic of Poland and the State Tribunal of the Republic of Poland.
Even though Poland suffered huge losses during the Second World War, it was able to conserve most of its historical heritage. The Wawel and the Malbork castles are one of the oldest buildings in the world that have been perfectly preserved. Their construction dates back to the Palaeolithic age in the 14th century. The Wawel castle has been converted into a sort of museum, and it holds important artefacts of the Polish history including the billion dollar Polish crown. The Wieliczka salt mine was started in the 13th century and is still operational, which makes it the oldest company in the world. Poland has good natural reserves of the Bialowieza Forest, which is famous for the European bison (an endangered species). Other places worth visiting are the Slowinski sand dunes, which can reach heights of over 30 meters and the Warsaw market place.
Poland has all forms of transportation available, rails, flights, shipping and roads. It has a strategic advantage of being located in the centre of Europe. All the important European trade routes pass through Poland. Poland rail services make use of the high speed TGV trains. Trains are the most hassle free way of travelling to Poland. The Warsaw train station is well connected to all the major cities in the eastern and the Western Europe. Train is also a very good choice to travel around the country. You can gather all the data regarding the train services from their website.
The buses come in handy when you need to travel to smaller towns that are not connected by trains. Travelling by car is a good choice for short distances, but you have to be familiar with the Poland right hand traffic rule. Car renting shops can be easily be found at large cities or near major airports. Poland also has international ferry services that connect the neighbouring countries. The main ports are located at Gdansk, Gdynia, Szczecin and Swinoujscie. By air, you can travel to any major city in Poland. It is the quickest way to travel. The largest airport of Poland is the Warsaw airport, which has flight routes to more than fifty major cities of the world, covering more than thirty countries. The main polish air plane service provider is the Polish sky Line Lotnicze (LOT). It offers both domestic as well as international flight services.