Spain is located in the Iberian Peninsula near the Mediterranean Sea. It is one of the three countries that are bordered by both the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Ocean. The Canary Islands in the Atlantic and a handful of islands in the Mediterranean also belong to Spain. Spain is the fifth largest country in Europe. Its capital city is Madrid and Spanish is their official language. Spain is mostly a mountainous country consisting mainly of plateaus and mountain chains. Spain used to belong to the Roman Empire and has many historical monuments of the Roman era.
Spain is a democratic country whose constitution was formed in the year 1978. Spain is composed of 17 autonomous communities and 2 autonomous cities. Since Spain is a democratic country, its people are free to practice any form of religion they want. The Spanish government believes in equality and hence one third of all government agency seats are reserved for women. The executive branch of the government constitutes the Ministers of State and the Prime Minister. The legislative branch consists of 350 members of parliament who are appointed by popular vote for the duration of four years and the Senate, which consists of 259 members also elected, by popular vote for four years.
Spain has a lot of forest reserves along the mountain ranges, which are home to several species of animals. The summer is the time when Spain receives the highest number of tourists who come here to relax themselves along the sea beaches. The best sea beach by popular vote would be the La Caoncha beach. You can indulge in surfing or other water sport or just enjoy the beautiful view out there. Other points of interest in Spain include the Royal Palace of the King of Spain, which was built in the year 1755. It is also famous for its San Fermi festival, which is held from 6th to 14th of July every year. The running of the bulls sport is carried out in this festival. The Mosque of Cordaba is a beautiful piece of architecture. Other places of historic importance include the Alhambra, El Escorial, Sagrada Familia and the Cuenca. Spain is also known for its intensive high speed rail road connections. It has the longest network of high speed train network in Europe and the second largest in the world, neat only to China. Spain is also well connected by roads and has 47 public airports. The Madrid airport is one of the top 20 busiest airports in the world.
You can travel to any part of Spain via train or bus. The transportation services here are very efficient and cheap. The ferry services are provided to connect the Spanish mainland with its neighbouring islands. If you are planning an extensive vacation to visit the whole of Spain then there are several car rental services present. These shops can easily be located in the main city or near international airports. To rent a car in Spain you need to be at least 21 years of age and should possess a valid driving licence. The bus services are useful to reach places, which are not connected by rail lines. There are bus stands in the every major city of Spain. For longer routes, it is preferable that you avail the high speed train services. Contrary to popular belief, the train fares are very affordable. The ticket price will vary according to the kind of seats you purchase. You can book a direct flight of Madrid from the any big city of Europe. During the summer, the price of tickets decreases to attract more tourists.